germaniumgarnet germanium systems
  • Mild hydrothermal synthesis, crystal structure ...

    The mild hydrothermal synthesis, crystal structure, photoluminescence properties and emission quantum yield of a new sodium zirconium germanate are reported. This material and the method for its preparation represent for the first time a germanium garnet-type material synthesized at autogenous pressure and temperature at 230 °C.

  • Appl. Magn. Reson. 14, 59-68 (1998) Applied Magnetic ...

    The glasses of (CaO-Ga203-GeO2) system of high chemical purity and optical quality with different stoichiometric composition doped with chromium and man- ganese were obtained by the high-temperature synthesis method from corundum ... ichiometric compositions similar to that in calcium-gallium-germanium garnet (Ca~Ga2Ge30~2) and trigonal Ca ...

  • BIBLIOGRAPHY OF SOVIET LASER DEVELOPMENTS NUMBER …

    unclassified security classification of this page (when dae entered) _ report documentation page read instructions before completing form 1. report number j2. govt accession no.

  • Abstract - adsabs.harvard.edu

    Abstract A pressure-induced ... the emission spectrum corresponding to the near infrared 4 F 3/2 → 4 I 9/2 transition of Nd 3+ ions in a calcium gadolinium germanium garnet was obtained in the interval from ambient conditions up to 23 GPa in order to ... suggesting that this system may be a good candidate for a luminescence pressure sensor ...

  • Handbook of Optical Materials - PDF Free Download

    Name, Formula, Crystal System, and Space Group for Optical Crystals—continued Name Strontium niobate Strontium niobate Strontium niobate Strontium potassium niobate Strontium potassium tantalate Strontium scandate Strontium scandium germanium garnet Strontium silicate Strontium sodium niobate Strontium sulfate (celestite) Strontium tantalate ...

  • What are the Potential Benefits of Adding Germanium Stones ...

    What are the Potential Benefits of Adding Germanium Stones to a Wearable Health Band? Published on February 19, 2017 February 19, ... Strengthens one's immune system, 2) Increases blood ...

  • Publications - Gareth Thomas Materials Excellence Award

    "Novel Joining of Dissimilar Ceramics in the Si3N4 Al2O3 System Using Polytypoid Functional Gradients," Caroline S. Lee, Xiao Feng Zhang and Gareth …

  • JDUQHW 3+ x 1- x - Institute of Physics

    JDUQHW To cite this article: J Wosik and A V Butashin 1986 J. Phys. C: Solid State Phys. 19 6081 ... The interaction between a crystal lattice and the spin system of paramagnetic ions is of ... gallium germanium garnet (chemical formula Ca3Ga2Ge3OI2, hereinafter called CGGG). CGGG is isomorphous with yttrium aluminium garnet (YAG) ...

  • Germanium Manufacturers - Thin Film Panel Process | ENF ...

    List of Germanium manufacturers. A complete list of solar material companies involved in Germanium production for the Thin Film Panel Process. ... Solar System Solar Panels Solar Inverters Mounting Systems Charge Controller. Storage System Solar Cells EVA Backsheet. PV Industry .

  • Germanium (Organic) Cancer Treatment

    When more is known about the electric systems in the body, relative to cancer, organic germanium may increase significantly in its importance. Organic germanium is a tremendous conductor of electricity. An alternative cancer treatment should be a complete treatment protocol.

  • mp-640879: Ca3Fe2(GeO4)3 (cubic, Ia-3d, 230)

    All Fe–O bond lengths are 2.05 Å. Ge4+ is bonded to four equivalent O2- atoms to form GeO4 tetrahedra that share corners with four equivalent FeO6 octahedra. The corner-sharing octahedral tilt angles are 49°. All Ge–O bond lengths are 1.79 Å. O2- is bonded in a 4-coordinate geometry to two equivalent Ca2+, one Fe3+, and one Ge4+ atom.

  • -doped Ca Ga Ge O garnet: A new optical pressure sensor

    suggesting that this system may be a good candidate for a luminescence pressure sensor. VC 2013 AIP Publishing LLC. ... properties of Nd3þ in a calcium gallium germanium garnet ... can be compensated by substituting Ge4 ...

  • Nd3+-doped Ca3Ga2Ge3O12 garnet: A new optical pressure ...

    A pressure-induced shift of the emission spectrum corresponding to the near infrared 4F3/2 → 4I9/2 transition of Nd3+ ions in a calcium gadolinium germanium garnet was obtained in the interval from ambient conditions up to 23 GPa in order to test its suitability as an optical pressure sensor.

  • CN104781958A - Negative electrode active material for ...

    H01M2220/20 — Batteries in motive systems, ... structure of the substance (NASICON) NASIC0N represented in Li7La3Zr2O12 represented garnet structure material and germanium Li JeP2S1AR table - phosphorus - sulfur compounds. ... lithium nitride (of Li3N), substance, material and germanium garnet structure NASICON structure - P - group of ...

  • Gadolinium Gallium Garnet | SpringerLink

    Gadolinium gallium garnet (Gd3Ga5O12, or GGG) is perhaps the most perfect single crystal material being produced in large quantities in the world today. ... Garabedian, F. G., Kestigian, Michael, Cohen, M. L., von Thiina, P. C.: Automatic crystal diameter control system. Ceramic Bulletin 55 ... Robertson, J. M.: Calcium gallium germanium garnet ...

  • Germanium | Ge - PubChem

    Selenium is essential for the activity of the enzyme glutathione peroxidase which modulates the active intermediates generated by drug metabolizing enzyme systems. Germanium produces toxicity in a number of organ systems. Antimony produces lung and circulatory system effects. Overall available data suggest that these metals or metalloids are ...

  • JoVE | Peer Reviewed Scientific Video Journal - Methods ...

    JoVE publishes peer-reviewed scientific video protocols to accelerate biological, medical, chemical and physical research. ... we demonstrate a novel calcium gallium germanium garnet (Ca3Ga2Ge3O12) host where lanthanide ions such as Tm(3+)/Yb(3+) and transition metal ions such as Cr(3+) can be easily incorporated through substituting the Ca(2 ...

  • A Bifunctional Cr/Yb/Tm:Ca3Ga2Ge3O12 Phosphor with Near ...

    Herein, we demonstrate a novel calcium gallium germanium garnet (Ca 3 Ga 2 Ge 3 O 12) ... Broadband Cr 3+ /(Pr 3+ /Yb 3+ ) quantum cutting down-conversion system doped in Y 2 O 3 /Y 3 Al 5 O 12 heterostructure thin film. Xiaojie Wu, Zhenzhong Zhang, Fanzhi Meng, Xiaojuan Liu, ...

  • Germanium - Element information, properties and uses ...

    Element Germanium (Ge), Group 14, Atomic Number 32, p-block, Mass 72.630. Sources, facts, uses, scarcity (SRI), podcasts, alchemical symbols, videos and images. ... It is defined as the equilibrium pressure exerted by the gas produced above a substance in a closed system. Pressure and temperature data – advanced. Specific heat capacity (J kg ...

  • Nd3+-doped Ca3Ga2Ge3O12 garnet: A new optical pressure ...

    In this paper, we study the high pressure luminescence The energy level scheme of the Nd3þ ion is very similar for properties of Nd3þ in a calcium gallium germanium garnet the family of garnet crystals (see Fig. 1), and no large crystal (Nd3þ:CGGG), analysing in detail the 4F3/2 ! 4I9/2 changes in energy are expected for the Stark levels ...

  • Gallium Germanium Fechner - globalconsultancy.in

    His system first began to seriously attract attention in 1875 when he was able to point out that gallium, ... germanium in 1886 ... Philosophy of Chemistry ... Contact: Click here

  • RECENT SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS - Philips

    RECENT SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS ... puter systems.. IEEE Trans. C-26, 68-72, 1977. E ... Calcium gallium germanium garnet as a substrate for magnetic bubble application. Mat. Res. Bull. 12, 73-78, 1977. E P. Delsarte and P. Piret: Semiregular convolutional codes: definition, structure, and examples.

  • Scientific publications - Philips

    Scientific publications ... Calcium gallium germanium garnet as a substrate for magnetic bubble application. ... with a new detection system forphase and amplitude contrast. J. Microsc. Spectrosc. électron. 1, 511-512, 1976 (No.3). E M. Delfino, J.P.Dougherty, W.K.Zwicker &M. M. Choy: Solution growth and characterization of L(+)

  • AFH LIBRARY - Organic Germanium - Oxygen Enricher and ...

    Organic Germanium (Sanumgerman) has significant activating effects upon superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione-related enzyme systems in rats (38). The dose-related dynamics of activation are different for the two enzyme systems.

  • Gadolinium Gallium Garnet - American Elements

    Gadolinium Gallium Garnet Gd3Ga5O12 bulk & research qty manufacturer. Properties, SDS, Applications, Price. Free samples program. ... The substance is not classified according to the Globally Harmonized System (GHS). Hazards not otherwise classified No data available GHS label elements N/A Hazard pictograms N/A Signal word N/A Hazard statements N/A

  • GERMANIUM - Regenerative Nutrition

    Germanium's remarkable effects on the immune system have been documented in medical journals. It has also been selected as one of six substances to be studied in the treatment of AIDS, chosen at the International AIDS Treatment Conference held in Tokyo, Japan in February, 1987.

  • US3736158A - Czochralski-grown spinel for use as epitaxial ...

    US3736158A - Czochralski-grown spinel for use as epitaxial silicon substrate - Google Patents Czochralski-grown spinel for use as epitaxial silicon substrate Download PDF Info Publication number US3736158A. ...

  • Optica Applicata - Home ICM

    Experimental results show the true glass structure of the compounds under investigation. A comparative analysis of the X-ray data for glasses and their crystalline analogies has shown that the glass network consists of gallium and germanium oxygen co-ordinated octahedra and tetrahedra.